Big Brother and the Holding Company- a history and description
Big Brother-along with bands like The Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane, Quicksilver Messenger Service- is considered one of the original, first wave of great psychedelic bands that came out of San Francisco in the summer of 1965.
The embryo that was to become Big brother and the Holding Company began when Peter Albin, a 21 year old, aspiring Folk Blues guitarist, who had been a part of South Bay Roots’ music scene that also gave us Jerry Garcia, Robert Hunter and the Grateful Dead met Sam Andrew, a 23 year old guitarist who’d been in bands since his teens in Okinawa and had studied languages and philosophy at University of SF and the Sorbonne.
Sam and Peter began jamming together in the basement/ballroom of an old Victorian mansion in the Haight –Ashbury district. With the help of their friend, future manager and concert promoter Chet Helms (The Family Dog, Avalon Ballroom), Big Brother and The Holding Company was born.
In the first few months there were changes in personnel, guitarists and drummers came and went but Peter and Sam remained the core of the band. Chet introduced Peter and Sam to James Gurley who was 26 and from Detroit. James became the lead guitarist and his unique style of playing became the early signature sound of the band. Peter met Dave Getz, also 26, an abstract painter and drummer who toured Europe with a Dixieland Jazz band and had played jazz since his teens. Dave Getz joined in March of 1966, bringing the needed power and energy to the rhythm section.
Big Brother as a four man ensemble was a featured band at some of the first acid-fueled, dance-concerts like the Trips Festival and the Tribal Stomp and though they already had many fans and were headlining they wanted something else to complete their sound: a strong female lead singer.
They auditioned several singers but it wasn’t until Chet Helms convinced fellow Texan, Janis Joplin to come out to San Francisco that the band was complete.
For most of 1966 and 1967 they played at venues all over California and the West Coast. They also spent a month in Chicago playing at the club ‘Mother Blues” During this time they lived together communally and rehearsed every day. As in many great rock bands they thought of themselves not only as a band but as individual artists and collaborators. They all recognized that Janis was a great singer and had the potential to be a star, but they also knew that each member brought something to the table.
Big Brother and the Holding Company, like many of the great bands of the era (The Beatles, The Rolling Stones) were about something; it had had its own ‘persona’. For the followers of the music scene, the people who danced and listened at the Fillmore and the Avalon, Big Brother and the Holding Company were greater than the sum of its parts.
The Monterey Pop Festival in the summer of 1967 was the first great international rock festival and it was the moment when Big Brother and its lead singer Janis Joplin blew open the collective mind of the audience and rose to the top of the Rock music hierarchy. It was also the moment in which that same audience discovered Jimi Hendrix, Otis Redding and several other artists that were destined to take rock music to the next level.
In 1968 Big Brother signed with Columbia Records and Albert Grossman (Bob Dylan, Peter Paul and Mary, etc) became their manager. They went into the recording studio and produced the album that many consider their masterpiece and one of the greatest albums of all time: ‘Cheap Thrills”.
The album quickly rose to #1 on the charts and stayed there for eight weeks.
After “Cheap Thrills Big Brother toured extensively all over the US and Canada and at the end of 1968 Janis (along with Sam Andrew) left the band. This time was the biggest turning point for the band: could they become a band again without Janis? Sam was with Janis, Peter and Dave became part of Country Joe and The Fish and toured Europe, James went off to the desert and for about one year Big Brother was off the map. .
But the answers came in the beginning of 1970 when Big Brother re-formed.
With Nick Gravenites and Kathi MacDonald singing, James on bass Peter and Sam on guitars along with David Shallach and Mike Finnegan on B3 organ. Big Brother re-invented itself with new material and an eclectic approach to Rock that was creative, funky and for the next two years at the forefront of the West Coast music scene.
Between 1970 and 72 Big Brother recorded two albums for Columbia “ Be a Brother’ and finally ‘How ‘Hard It Is’ the latter being hailed by Rolling Stone magazine as a establishing the fact that Big Brother had become a great band in its own right despite the loss of Janis Joplin.
From late in 72 to early 1987 the individual members all pursued other interests both musical and in other fields. It wasn’t until 1987 and the coming of the 20th anniversary of ‘the Summer of Love’ that the four original members decided to re-group and perform again, deciding that their shows would include all of the great music that they created when Janis was part of the band.
Since 1987, Big Brother and the Holding Company has toured continuously in the US, Canada, Europe and Asia. Though they have lost two of the four ‘originals’ (James Gurley 2009 and Sam Andrew 2015) Peter and Dave continue to have fun playing and presenting the music of Big Brother and the Holding Companyn to the world.
The songs from Cheap Thrills and their first Mainstream album are now a part of Rock Music history. Their legacy as one of the great bands of the 1960s is secure. In their shows they perform all of their legendary songs; “Piece of My Heart”, “Summertime”, “Ball and Chain”, “Bye Bye Baby” as only the original creators of this music can. And to show that Big Brother is still a living, creative band they throw in a taste of new, original material that embodies the same signature, Big Brother ideas and energy.
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